PAPERRESEARCH METHODS IAbout
Data Collection Techniques Through Questionnaire
Jamal Pentri BP. 409 131Zeni Mardesnita BP. 409. 223Febri Irhamna BP. 409. 126
SupervisorDr. H. Gusril Kenedi, M. Pd
ISLAMIC EDUCATION DEPARTMENT MANAGEMENT (MPI)Faculty of MTState Islamic Institute (IAIN)Imam Bonjol PadangT.A 2011 AD / 1432 H
Assalamuilaikum wr.wbSpoken praise and gratitude to Allah, who has given his grace and guidance, so it has been able to complete this paper well and smoothly. Prayers and greetings also not forget the spoken to the Prophet Muhammad, as Uswah in life, as well as to the family, and his followers until the end of time.
In the completion of this paper is inseparable from the support and guidance of various parties, especially the supervisor courses Research Methods I (MP.1) the father of Dr. H. Gusril Kenedi, M. Pd, until the completion of this paper well. For that also say thank you to him and also to all those who have to contribute to the publication of this paper.
We are fully aware that this paper still much perfection keilmiahannya, it is expected to criticism and suggestions from all parties constructive, so that future better yet, before say thank you.
Wassalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh
Padang, 30 September 2011
TABLE OF CONTENTSFOREWORD………………………………..... .TABLE OF CONTENTS…………………………………………..... .CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION …………………………2.1 Definition Questionnaire .........................................2.2 Types Questionnaire ........................................Principle 2.3 Preparation .......................... Questionnaire.2.4 Strengths and Weaknesses Questionnaire ................
CHAPTER II DISCUSSION…………………………….
CHAPTER III CLOSING
3.1 Conclusion ....................................... ..
3.2 Advice ............................................. ....
PORKPRELIMINARYResearch is a way to solve the problem of the-problem of the most complicated to broaden the horizon of knowledge. A good candidate for preparing undergraduate thesis, Thesis or Dissertation will always use scientific research to support obtaining a degree of discipline is practiced. Thus, the study hakekaktnya it is a way of thinking and not merely collects data notwithstanding the many, but mengolanya thus revealed its meaning.The research ultimately aims to seek the truth. Certainly anyone who makes paper, thesis, dissertation or other forms of research should have a scientific attitude. Scientific research using rare-step commonly used in the settlement of the problem of the method or problem solving. In Chapter II of this paper, we wrote about the technique of collecting data through questionnaires. May be useful for all of us as human beings academia.
CHAPTER IIDISCUSSION2.1 Definition QuestionnaireQuestionnaire or questionnaire is the technique of data collection is done by providing a set of questions or a written statement to the respondent to answer.  On the other sources mentioned that the questionnaire is a research tool in the form of a list of questions to obtain information from a number of respondents.  The questionnaire can be sent by mail or filled in the presence of researchers or others who helped him.Desired information contained in thoughts, feelings, attitudes or human behavior that can be fished through a questionnaire. Respondents were selected according to specific sampling, must have knowledge or information we need. Besides, he should be willing to provide that information at the expense of time and energy.The questionnaire does not need to be used when information can be obtained through dokumetasi, minsalnya list of pupils, the figures reported, and so on. Also for the things that are personal or sensitive interview better use of the questionnaire. When sensitive matters included in the questionnaire, minsalnya about his attitude towards the boss, occupation, religion or any other tribe, the respondent may not be willing.2.2 Types QuestionnaireBased on the form of questions in the questionnaire can be divided into three types, namely: 1. Open-ended questions (open quetions)Open question is a question in which respondents were given the freedom as possible to answer the question in accordance with the language and logic of them. The same thing was also stated that the open questions is a freedom that is given to the respondent to answer questions . Minsalnya: Yanga penalty if you consider the most sserasi if students do not make her homework?So is the length of the short answer given left entirely to the respondent. Open question is the same as the essay question on the evaluation of learning outcomes.2. Question closed (closed quetions)Tetutup question is kebalikkan of open-ended questions, in which the respondent only has a closed question "option" or choice answers have been provided. The same thing also dinyakan that closed questions are questions accompanied by a choice of answers that have been determined by researchers, which can be in the form of a 'yes' or 'no', can also form a number of alternative or multiple choice. There are two examples of a theory that can be used in tetutup question, namely:a) Likert style formats; twig scales. With this format, the respondents were asked to choose one option were provided bekanaan with a statement or question that precedes the options.Example:Nobody can really feel how the pain of the wars, but experience it for yourself.a. Strongly agreeb. Agreec. Can not decided. Disagreee. Strongly disagreeb) Semantic differential. This form is the respondents were asked to choose or put the choice between the two adjectives that are on the continuum and the two extremes. 3. The combination of open and closed questionsWhere options besides providing answers in the questionnaire, the researchers also provide the options or a blank space for respondents to be filled if the answer options that have been provided do not include information that will be provided.
2.3 Principles of Writing and Preparation QuestionnaireUma Sakran reveal some of the principles in the writing and preparation of the questionnaire as data collection techniques, namely:a. Content and objectives questionsThe point is, whether the content of the question is a form of measurement or not, if he, in making the question should be thorough but the scale of measurement and the item number are also sufficient to measure variables carefully.b. The language usedThe language used in the questionnaire respondents should pay attention to education, social and cultural circumstances, and the "frame of reference" of the respondents.c. Types and forms of questionsTypes of questions in the questionnaire may be open or closed, (if in the interview: structured and unstructured) and can use traditional forms of positive and negative sentences.d. Question unambiguousEach question in the questionnaire do not double (double-barreled) so as make it difficult for respondents to answer.e. Did not ask who had forgottenEach question in the questionnaire instrument, should not ask the things that if the respondent had forgotten, or questions that require answers with a heavy thinking.f. Pertaanyaan not mengiringQuestions in the questionnaire should also not mengiring kejawaban the fine or to a bad course.g. Long questionsQuestions in the questionnaire should not be too long, so it will make a saturated respondents in filling. Suggested empirically adequate number of questions is between 20 s / d 30 questions.h. The order of questions
the order of questions in the questionnaire, starting from a common heading Specific things, or of easily lead to a difficult thing, or scrambled.
i. The principle of measurementQuestionnaire respondents were given the research instruments, which are used to measure lift variables studied.j. The physical appearance of the questionnaireThe physical appearance of the questionnaire as a data collection tool will affect the response or the seriousness of the respondents in filling out the questionnaire. In connection with the preparation of this questionnaire, DA de Vaus provide some seran as follows:a. Language should be simple.b. Questions should be short.c. Questions should be clear question.d. Questions do not direct or affect the respondent.e. Avoid negative questions.f. Questions should pay attention to the knowledge of the respondents.g. Questions should be understood by all respondden.h. The question should not contain prestige bias.i. Avoid questions were ambiguous.j. Questions do not push or menharuskan respondent to argue, that actually do not know.k. Questions should be asked to consider whether to ask is "personal" or "impersonal".l. It should be noted whether the question should be answered in detail or narrative verbal or simply into categories like objective tests. 2.4 Strengths and Weaknesses QuestionnaireA. Excess questionnaire1) An efficient data collection techniques because researchers know for certain variables to be measured and to know what to expect from the respondents.2) Questionnaire is suitable for a large number of respondents were fairly broad and scattered in the region.3) Questionnaire can be either open or closed so that the question can be given to the respondent directly or can be sent by mail, or the Internet.4) Establishment of direct contacts between researcher and respondent will create a fairly good condition, so that respondents will voluntarily memberkan dat objectively and quickly. 5) The advantage of the open questionnaire answer is that variations deterima not previously suspected by investigators to expand his horizons.6) While the enclosed questionnaire to own some of the advantages that easily filled the respondents because they do not need to write down his thoughts, tidaj require a lot of time to fill, greater expectations will be restored and easily processed. Selo sumarjan suggest several advantages questionnaire as data collectors, namely:v The questionnaire can be drafted carefully and quiet in the room sipeneliti so compilers as well as the formulation of the question can follow a systematic according to the study as well as the problem of the branch of science that is used.v In the questionnaire, many responses can be contacted. The important thing is important if researchers want to examine public opinion or people in a community.v To contact the crowds deperlukan relatively short time, therefore circulate a questionnaire can be deployed a number of workers collecting data in the same time.v Taps questions and answers all written, then the data analysis, the collected data is always easily be rechecked.v People from other fields may also use a questionnaire and the answers to a different analysis. B. Weakness questionnaire1) The weakness of the enclosed questionnaire can be found in the answer choices may not cover what is in the heart of the respondents, so the answer ynag chooses not fully comply with the opinion.2) The downside of the open questionnaire can be found on the difficulties for respondents to answer because it requires the ability to express his thoughts in writing.3) Time to answer one question more, the researchers themselves, cultivate jawanpun cause many difficulties. Besides explaining about the advantages of the questionnaire, as well Sumarjan Selo also noted kelemahannay or keterbatasannay is as follows:v Because they Seua question has been set in advance, especially regarding its contents, then sekar once to capture the special atmosphere that existed at the respondent unthinkable by previous researchers that also may affect the research,v The nature of rigid questionnaire no or very little give breadth to change the order of questions in order to better match the minds of respondents. 
CHAPTER IIICOVER3.1 ConclusionIn the discussion contained in Chapter II above on the data collected through a questionnaire consisting of four item that definition, types, principles of writing and preparation as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the questionnaire, it can be concluded as follows:1. Questionnaire is a technique and tools used by researchers to gather data by using questionnaires or written statement to obtain information from a number of respondents to answer.2. The types of questionnaire were classified in three types in terms of the form of the question is; questionnaire open, closed, and a combination of both.3. Principles and the preparation of a questionnaire basically there are only five, namely; introductory part, the sort order of questions, the form of the question, the principle of measurement as well as the physical appearance of the questionnaire.4. As for the strengths and weaknesses of the questionnaire can be didasarka the time spent, the data obtained and the data processing.3.2 SuggestionsDemikialah this paper made with as they should, but can not be separated from the advice and constructive criticism of pemabaca dear to the improvement of these scholarly papers in the future. We hope the big, hopefully this paper bermamfaat for us all. Ameen
BIBLIOGRAPHYDA. de. Vaus, Surveys in Social Research, London: Unwin Hyman, 1990Drs. Hadeli, MA, Educational Research Methods, Padang: Baitul Hikmah Press, 2001Koentjaraningrat, Method-meode Research Society, Jakarta: Gramedia, 1990Prof. Dr. Nasution.S, MA, Research Methods (Scientific Research). Bandung: Jemmars, 1991Prof. Dr. Sugiyono, Approach Educational Research Methods Quantitative, Qualitative, and R & D, Jakarta: Alfabeta 2009
 Prof. Dr. Sugiyono, Education Research Methods / Approach Quantitative, Qualitative, and R & D, (Bandung: Alfabeta 2009) cet. 7, h.199 Prof. Dr. S. Nasution, MA, Research Methods (Scientific Research), (Bandung: Jemmars, 1991) cet. 3, p. 169 Drs. Hadeli, MA, Educational Research Methods, (Padang: Baitul Hikmah presss, 2001) cet.1, h. 73-77 Op Cit, S. Nasution, h. 170 Ibid, S. Nasution, p. 170 Op Cit, Hadeli, h.74 Op Cit, Sugiyono, p. 200-203 DA. de. Vaus, Surveys in Social Research, (London: Unwin Hyman, 1990), h.83-85 Ibid, Sugiyono, hl. 199-200 Ibid, s. Nasution, h.170-10 Koentjaraningrat, Method-meode Research Society, (Jakarta: Scholastic, 1990), h.173 Ibid, S. Nasution, p. 171 Ibid, Koentjaraningrat, p. 173